|Sun Exposure||Full sun, partial shade|
|Soil Type||Well-drained loamy, sandy or clay|
|Soil pH||Slightly acidic to neutral|
|Flower Color||Yellow, red, pink, purple and orange hues|
|Special Features||Low-maintenance perennials are drought-tolerant and can grow in less-than-ideal growing conditions.|
Cheerful and easy-care, daylilies are a must-have perennial in gardens and landscapes. These easily recognizable plants feature grass-like foliage and trumpet-shaped flowers that open above the foliage. Thanks to modern breeding efforts, hundreds of daylily varieties are available in a variety of flower colors and forms.
Daylilies get their name from their flowers--each bloom only lasts for a day. However, because each stem has multiple buds, the plants put on a flower show for weeks. By planting early season, mid-season and late-season varieties as well as reblooming daylilies, you can extend the daylily season throughout the summer months.
Daylilies are favorites for planting along walkways and edging flower beds. They're impressive when planted en masse and often planted on hillsides. These classic perennials can also be planted in mixed perennial beds. Here are some tips for when to plant daylilies.
The hardest thing about growing daylilies is often choosing which ones to grow. With hundreds of varieties available, it can be challenging to pick a few favorites. A few popular varieties include:
The best time to plant daylilies is in late spring or early fall. If you're willing to give them a little extra care and watering, daylilies can also be planted in the summer. Daylilies are either planted as bareroots or potted plants. If planting bareroots in the spring, they may not put on much of a flower show that first year but will in the following years.
Daylily roots can be grown in many parts of the United States and will grow in zones 3-9. You can find your grow zone using our zone finder. Daylilies are sun lovers and grow best in full sun to partial shade. They should receive at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Daylilies are excellent for mixed perennial gardens, edging walkways, borders and grown in masses.
For digging, you'll need a shovel or trowel. While daylilies aren't heavy feeders, they benefit from an all-natural, slow-release fertilizer, such as Van Bourgondien 100% Natural Perennial Food.
Daylilies are very low-maintenance perennials. There are just a few tips for how to care for daylilies after planting.
During the first year after planting daylily roots, daylilies need about 1 inch of rainfall weekly, or the equivalent, throughout the growing season. Once the plants are established, they are drought tolerant. However, if they experience a dry spell of 3-4 weeks, they should be watered. Mulching around the daylily plants is recommended. Daylilies may be lightly fertilized with a slow-release fertilizer in the spring. This is also a good time to add some compost around the plants.
While you don't need to remove spent blooms, deadheading makes the plants look tidier and encourages more blooming. Once the entire scape has blossomed, it can be cut to the ground. If you leave it standing, then remove it before early spring.
Daylilies are propagated through division, and the plants can be divided every 3-5 years. The best time to divide daylilies is in early fall, after the plant has completed blooming. Simply dig up the plant and remove the soil from around the roots. Break the plant into 3-4 clumps. Each clump should have several leaves and roots. After dividing, cut the leaves back to about 6" tall and replant as soon as possible. This should be completed at least six weeks before a freeze, as the plants need time to become established before winter.
While daylilies are relatively trouble free, insects such as aphids, thrips and mites may bother them. Monitor your daylily plants for signs of insect damage.
Daylilies are adaptable to a range of conditions, winter hardy and very low-maintenance perennials. Just take care to plant them in a sunny location with well-drained soil and water them until they become established. They fit into many gardening styles--and can even be used as ground cover.
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