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Garden Guide Roses, Shrubs and Vines

Potted or bare-root shrubs and vines can be planted as soon as you can work the soil in early spring. If you are unable to plant immediately, open the box to expose the stems but do not remove the wrapping around the roots because this helps preserve moisture. Store plants upright in a cool, humid, dimly lit location until planting. Prior to planting, remove all packaging material, soak the entire plant, stems and roots in a pail of water for several hours. Never expose roots to the sun or permit them to dry out. Trim off any broken roots or branches before planting.

Plants that are leafed out or growing when received should be hardened off before planting outside if it is very cold in your area. Either gradually acclimatize the plant to outside conditions, or plant outside and cover to protect from frost if necessary

General Care of Roses & Shrubs
Once roses are established, only water during very dry spells.
Planting Roses & Shrubs
Roses require full sun, at least eight hours a day, preferably in the afternoon.


Angel Trumpets

(Brugmansia) If planting in a container, be sure that both the plant and the container can hold up under windy conditions. Be sure to leave room at the top of the container so it can be watered thoroughly. Water Angel Trumpets daily during the hot summer months. The ideal way to grow an Angel Trumpet is into a larger size tree, fertilizing every 2-3weeks, which provides the most blooms. Common fertilizer 17-17-17 is a good choice for container plants, while 15-15-10 can be used for plants in the ground. Although these plants prefer full sun, giving the plant some shade during the hot part of the day is a good idea. A word of caution; although these plants are from the same family as tomatoes, potatoes and petunias, they are extremely toxic and should be kept out of reach of children and pets.


(Barberis thunbergii) Grown for attractive foliage which is deer resistant. Beware of sharp thorns when working with barberry! Great as a hedge, barrier or specimen. Plant 11/2' to 4' apart depending onvariety. Prefers moist, well-drained soil and provides best color in full sun, but light shade is fine. Pruning is not necessary, but remove 1/3 of growth in spring or fall to reshape and stimulate new growth. Drought tolerant. Hardy in zones 4-8.

Burning Bush

(Dwarf) (Euonymus alatus 'Compactus') . The dwarf burning bush can eventually grow to 10' high if unpruned, but is easily kept at 4'. Leaves turn scarlet red in fall. Grow in full sun for best foliage color. Prune in early spring to keep shrubs bushy. Cut back by at least 1/3 and remove any damaged branches. Mulch and water during dryspells. Can be sheared and shaped into a formal hedge. Hardy to zone 3, if snow cover is provided.

Butterfly Bush

(Buddleia davidii) Plant in full sun either spring or fall in well-drained, fertile soil. Plant 8' apart. In cold regions, the tops may freeze back to the ground. Simply remove the tops in early spring to be rewarded with multitudes of new shoots and blooms in the summer. In warmer climates, prune out older-woody stems to encourage vigorous new stems. Hardy in zones 5-9.


(Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Blue Mist') Unusual flower color and season of bloom, which extends from late summer to frost. Requires the good drainage of sandy soils. Prefers full sun, or partial shade. Mulch root area heavily after soil freezes. Blooms on new shoots. Prune in late winter, early spring. Unless pruned each spring, the bush becomes twiggy and bears small flowers, so early in the spring, cut last season's growth back to 1" . Remove all dead, weak, or crowded shoots. If top growth is killed by frost, or to rejuvenate, cut back all old growth to the soil line to encourage new branches. Grows 3-4' in height and width. Hardy in zones 5-9.

Chocolate Vine

(Akebia quinat) . Grows quickly to 20-30' and will cover almost any structure, no matter how large. This twining vine needs narrow lattice or a wire fence on which to climb. Flowers appear in spring. Adaptable to sun, shade, drought or moisture. Can be used as a ground-cover. Will need pruning in spring to keep it in bounds. Hardy in zones 4-8.


Plant in fertile, cool, moist soil in full sun. Space 24-36" apart. Keep the soil lightly and evenly moist. Clematis prefers an even moisture level - not too wet or too dry. It needs to have its roots shaded. Do this by planting annuals or shallow-rooted perennials nearby. Clematis is shallow-rooted; take care when cultivating nearby. Provide support (trellis, fence, post, arbor, or allow to clamber through shrubs and trees like climbing roses or apple trees) for the vines to climb. Never use bark or leaf mulch in summer which can promote Clematis wilt. Vine grows 8-12' or more. Blooms June and again in September. Hardy in zones 4-8, depending on variety.

Cotoneaster; Cranberry

(Cotoneaster apiculatus) Pink blooms in spring, dense shiny green foliage turning red/purple in the fall and red berries on dense arching branches. Prefers full sun to part shade, and well-drained average soil. Grows 3' tall and 5' wide. Pruning is not necessary unless drastic reshaping is needed. Hardy in zones 4-7.

Dutchman's Pipe

(Aristolochia macrophylla) This vigourous, climbing, twining vine can grow 20-30' high. Bears unusual flowers in summer. Grow on sturdy lattice or wire support. Attractive to birds and butterflies. Thrives in any soil that is relatively moist and well-drained and in full sun or part shade. Water during dry periods. Hardy in zones 4-8.


(Sambucus nigra) Flowers cover the plant in late midsummer. Edible dark purple berries attract songbirds in late summer and fall. Grow in sun for the best color, but does quite well in filtered shade. Prefers fertile, moist soil, but is very drought-tolerant once established. Grows 8' high and wide, but can be easily kept smaller. Prune hard in late to early spring before the leaves appear. Hardy in zones 3-8.

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